A Heterogeneous Graph with Factual, Temporal and Logical Knowledge for Question Answering Over Dynamic Contexts

by   Wanjun Zhong, et al.

We study question answering over a dynamic textual environment. Although neural network models achieve impressive accuracy via learning from input-output examples, they rarely leverage various types of knowledge and are generally not interpretable. In this work, we propose a graph-based approach, where a heterogeneous graph is automatically built with factual knowledge of the context, temporal knowledge of the past states, and logical knowledge that combines human-curated knowledge bases and rule bases. We develop a graph neural network over the constructed graph, and train the model in an end-to-end manner. Experimental results on a benchmark dataset show that the injection of various types of knowledge improves a strong neural network baseline. An additional benefit of our approach is that the graph itself naturally serves as a rational behind the decision making.


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