An Overview of Data-Importance Aware Radio Resource Management for Edge Machine Learning

by   Dingzhu Wen, et al.

The 5G network connecting billions of IoT devices will make it possible to harvest an enormous amount of real-time mobile data. Furthermore, the 5G virtualization architecture will enable cloud computing at the (network) edge. The availability of both rich data and computation power at the edge has motivated Internet companies to deploy artificial intelligence (AI) there, creating the hot area of edge-AI. Edge learning, the theme of this project, concerns training edge-AI models, which endow on IoT devices intelligence for responding to real-time events. However, the transmission of high-dimensional data from many edge devices to servers can result in excessive communication latency, creating a bottleneck for edge learning. Traditional wireless techniques deigned for only radio access are ineffective in tackling the challenge. Attempts to overcome the communication bottleneck has led to the development of a new class of techniques for intelligent radio resource management (RRM), called data-importance aware RRM. Their designs feature the interplay of active machine learning and wireless communication. Specifically, the metrics that measure data importance in active learning (e.g., classification uncertainty and data diversity) are applied to RRM for efficient acquisition of distributed data in wireless networks to train AI models at servers. This article aims at providing an introduction to the emerging area of importance-aware RRM. To this end, we will introduce the design principles, survey recent advancements in the area, discuss some design examples, and suggest some promising research opportunities.


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