Analytic inversion of a Radon transform on double circular arcs with applications in Compton Scattering Tomography

by   Cécilia Tarpau, et al.

In this work we introduce a new Radon transform which arises from a new modality of Compton Scattering Tomography (CST) which is made of a single detector rotating around a fixed source. Unlike some previous CST no collimator is used at the detector, such a system allows us to collect scattered photons coming from two opposite sides of the source-detector segment, hence the manifold of the new Radon transform is a family of double circular arcs. As first main theoretical result, an analytic inverse formula is established for this new Radon transform. This is achieved through the formulation of the transform in terms of circular harmonic expansion satisfying the consistency condition in Cormack's sense. Moreover, a fast and efficient numerical implementation via an alternative formulation based on Hilbert transform is carried out. Simulation results illustrate the theoretical feasibility of the new system. From a practical point of view, a collimator-free system considerably increases the amount of data, which is particularly significant in a scatter imaging system.


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