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Consistent transformations of belief functions

by   Fabio Cuzzolin, et al.

Consistent belief functions represent collections of coherent or non-contradictory pieces of evidence, but most of all they are the counterparts of consistent knowledge bases in belief calculus. The use of consistent transformations cs[.] in a reasoning process to guarantee coherence can therefore be desirable, and generalizes similar techniques in classical logic. Transformations can be obtained by minimizing an appropriate distance measure between the original belief function and the collection of consistent ones. We focus here on the case in which distances are measured using classical Lp norms, in both the "mass space" and the "belief space" representation of belief functions. While mass consistent approximations reassign the mass not focussed on a chosen element of the frame either to the whole frame or to all supersets of the element on an equal basis, approximations in the belief space do distinguish these focal elements according to the "focussed consistent transformation" principle. The different approximations are interpreted and compared, with the help of examples.


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