D4: a Chinese Dialogue Dataset for Depression-Diagnosis-Oriented Chat

05/24/2022
by   Binwei Yao, et al.
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In a depression-diagnosis-directed clinical session, doctors initiate a conversation with ample emotional support that guides the patients to expose their symptoms based on clinical diagnosis criteria. Such a dialog is a combination of task-oriented and chitchat, different from traditional single-purpose human-machine dialog systems. However, due to the social stigma associated with mental illness, the dialogue data related to depression consultation and diagnosis are rarely disclosed. Though automatic dialogue-based diagnosis foresees great application potential, data sparsity has become one of the major bottlenecks restricting research on such task-oriented chat dialogues. Based on clinical depression diagnostic criteria ICD-11 and DSM-5, we construct the D^4: a Chinese Dialogue Dataset for Depression-Diagnosis-Oriented Chat which simulates the dialogue between doctors and patients during the diagnosis of depression, including diagnosis results and symptom summary given by professional psychiatrists for each dialogue.Finally, we finetune on state-of-the-art pre-training models and respectively present our dataset baselines on four tasks including response generation, topic prediction, dialog summary, and severity classification of depressive episode and suicide risk. Multi-scale evaluation results demonstrate that a more empathy-driven and diagnostic-accurate consultation dialogue system trained on our dataset can be achieved compared to rule-based bots.

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