Decentralized Distributed Expert Assisted Learning (D2EAL) approach for cooperative target-tracking

by   Shubhankar Gupta, et al.

This paper addresses the problem of cooperative target tracking using a heterogeneous multi-robot system, where the robots are communicating over a dynamic communication network, and heterogeneity is in terms of different types of sensors and prediction algorithms installed in the robots. The problem is cast into a distributed learning framework, where robots are considered as 'agents' connected over a dynamic communication network. Their prediction algorithms are considered as 'experts' giving their look-ahead predictions of the target's trajectory. In this paper, a novel Decentralized Distributed Expert-Assisted Learning (D2EAL) algorithm is proposed, which improves the overall tracking performance by enabling each robot to improve its look-ahead prediction of the target's trajectory by its information sharing, and running a weighted information fusion process combined with online learning of weights based on a prediction loss metric. Theoretical analysis of D2EAL is carried out, which involves the analysis of worst-case bounds on cumulative prediction loss, and weights convergence analysis. Simulation studies show that in adverse scenarios involving large dynamic bias or drift in the expert predictions, D2EAL outperforms well-known covariance-based estimate/prediction fusion methods, both in terms of prediction performance and scalability.


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