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Extraction of instantaneous frequencies and amplitudes in nonstationary time-series data

by   Daniel E. Shea, et al.

Time-series analysis is critical for a diversity of applications in science and engineering. By leveraging the strengths of modern gradient descent algorithms, the Fourier transform, multi-resolution analysis, and Bayesian spectral analysis, we propose a data-driven approach to time-frequency analysis that circumvents many of the shortcomings of classic approaches, including the extraction of nonstationary signals with discontinuities in their behavior. The method introduced is equivalent to a nonstationary Fourier mode decomposition (NFMD) for nonstationary and nonlinear temporal signals, allowing for the accurate identification of instantaneous frequencies and their amplitudes. The method is demonstrated on a diversity of time-series data, including on data from cantilever-based electrostatic force microscopy to quantify the time-dependent evolution of charging dynamics at the nanoscale.


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