GCNSLIM: Graph Convolutional Network with Sparse Linear Methods for E-government Service Recommendation

by   Lingyuan Kong, et al.

Graph Convolutional Networks have made significant strides in Collabora-tive Filtering recommendations. However, existing GCN-based CF methods are mainly based on matrix factorization and incorporate some optimization tech-niques to enhance performance, which are not enough to handle the complexities of diverse real-world recommendation scenarios. E-government service recommendation is a crucial area for recommendation re-search as it involves rigid aspects of people's lives. However, it has not received ad-equate attention in comparison to other recommendation scenarios like news and music recommendation. We empirically find that when existing GCN-based CF methods are directly applied to e-government service recommendation, they are limited by the MF framework and showing poor performance. This is because MF's equal treatment of users and items is not appropriate for scenarios where the number of users and items is unbalanced. In this work, we propose a new model, GCNSLIM, which combines GCN and sparse linear methods instead of combining GCN and MF to accommodate e-government service recommendation. In particular, GCNSLIM explicitly injects high-order collaborative signals obtained from multi-layer light graph convolutions into the item similarity matrix in the SLIM frame-work, effectively improving the recommendation accuracy. In addition, we propose two optimization measures, removing layer 0 embedding and adding nonlinear acti-vation, to further adapt to the characteristics of e-government service recommenda-tion scenarios. Furthermore, we propose a joint optimization mode to adapt to more diverse recommendation scenarios. We conduct extensive experiments on a real e-government service dataset and a common public dataset and demonstrate the ef-fectiveness of GCNSLIM in recommendation accuracy and operational performance.


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