Generic symmetric matrix polynomials with bounded rank and fixed odd grade

by   Fernando De Terán, et al.

We determine the generic complete eigenstructures for n × n complex symmetric matrix polynomials of odd grade d and rank at most r. More precisely, we show that the set of n × n complex symmetric matrix polynomials of odd grade d, i.e., of degree at most d, and rank at most r is the union of the closures of the rd/2+1 sets of symmetric matrix polynomials having certain, explicitly described, complete eigenstructures. Then, we prove that these sets are open in the set of n × n complex symmetric matrix polynomials of odd grade d and rank at most r. In order to prove the previous results, we need to derive necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of symmetric matrix polynomials with prescribed grade, rank, and complete eigenstructure, in the case where all their elementary divisors are different from each other and of degree 1. An important remark on the results of this paper is that the generic eigenstructures identified in this work are completely different from the ones identified in previous works for unstructured and skew-symmetric matrix polynomials with bounded rank and fixed grade larger than one, because the symmetric ones include eigenvalues while the others not. This difference requires to use new techniques.


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