Inferring Displacement Fields from Sparse Measurements Using the Statistical Finite Element Method

by   Vahab B. Narouie, et al.

A well-established approach for inferring full displacement and stress fields from possibly sparse data is to calibrate the parameter of a given constitutive model using a Bayesian update. After calibration, a (stochastic) forward simulation is conducted with the identified model parameters to resolve physical fields in regions that were not accessible to the measurement device. A shortcoming of model calibration is that the model is deemed to best represent reality, which is only sometimes the case, especially in the context of the aging of structures and materials. While this issue is often addressed with repeated model calibration, a different approach is followed in the recently proposed statistical Finite Element Method (statFEM). Instead of using Bayes' theorem to update model parameters, the displacement is chosen as the stochastic prior and updated to fit the measurement data more closely. For this purpose, the statFEM framework introduces a so-called model-reality mismatch, parametrized by only three hyperparameters. This makes the inference of full-field data computationally efficient in an online stage: If the stochastic prior can be computed offline, solving the underlying partial differential equation (PDE) online is unnecessary. Compared to solving a PDE, identifying only three hyperparameters and conditioning the state on the sensor data requires much fewer computational resources. This paper presents two contributions to the existing statFEM approach: First, we use a non-intrusive polynomial chaos method to compute the prior, enabling the use of complex mechanical models in deterministic formulations. Second, we examine the influence of prior material models (linear elastic and St.Venant Kirchhoff material with uncertain Young's modulus) on the updated solution. We present statFEM results for 1D and 2D examples, while an extension to 3D is straightforward.


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