Manipulation Strategies for the Rank Maximal Matching Problem

by   Pratik Ghosal, et al.

We consider manipulation strategies for the rank-maximal matching problem. In the rank-maximal matching problem we are given a bipartite graph G = (A ∪ P, E) such that A denotes a set of applicants and P a set of posts. Each applicant a ∈ A has a preference list over the set of his neighbours in G, possibly involving ties. Preference lists are represented by ranks on the edges - an edge (a,p) has rank i, denoted as rank(a,p)=i, if post p belongs to one of a's i-th choices. A rank-maximal matching is one in which the maximum number of applicants is matched to their rank one posts and subject to this condition, the maximum number of applicants is matched to their rank two posts, and so on. A rank-maximal matching can be computed in O((c √(n),n) m) time, where n denotes the number of applicants, m the number of edges and c the maximum rank of an edge in an optimal solution. A central authority matches applicants to posts. It does so using one of the rank-maximal matchings. Since there may be more than one rank- maximal matching of G, we assume that the central authority chooses any one of them randomly. Let a_1 be a manipulative applicant, who knows the preference lists of all the other applicants and wants to falsify his preference list so that he has a chance of getting better posts than if he were truthful. In the first problem addressed in this paper the manipulative applicant a_1 wants to ensure that he is never matched to any post worse than the most preferred among those of rank greater than one and obtainable when he is truthful. In the second problem the manipulator wants to construct such a preference list that the worst post he can become matched to by the central authority is best possible or in other words, a_1 wants to minimize the maximal rank of a post he can become matched to.


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