Mixed-Type Wafer Classification For Low Memory Devices Using Knowledge Distillation

by   Nitish Shukla, et al.

Manufacturing wafers is an intricate task involving thousands of steps. Defect Pattern Recognition (DPR) of wafer maps is crucial for determining the root cause of production defects, which may further provide insight for yield improvement in wafer foundry. During manufacturing, various defects may appear standalone in the wafer or may appear as different combinations. Identifying multiple defects in a wafer is generally harder compared to identifying a single defect. Recently, deep learning methods have gained significant traction in mixed-type DPR. However, the complexity of defects requires complex and large models making them very difficult to operate on low-memory embedded devices typically used in fabrication labs. Another common issue is the unavailability of labeled data to train complex networks. In this work, we propose an unsupervised training routine to distill the knowledge of complex pre-trained models to lightweight deployment-ready models. We empirically show that this type of training compresses the model without sacrificing accuracy despite being up to 10 times smaller than the teacher model. The compressed model also manages to outperform contemporary state-of-the-art models.


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