MixMicrobleedNet: segmentation of cerebral microbleeds using nnU-Net

by   Hugo J. Kuijf, et al.

Cerebral microbleeds are small hypointense lesions visible on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gradient echo, T2*, or susceptibility weighted (SWI) imaging. Assessment of cerebral microbleeds is mostly performed by visual inspection. The past decade has seen the rise of semi-automatic tools to assist with rating and more recently fully automatic tools for microbleed detection. In this work, we explore the use of nnU-Net as a fully automated tool for microbleed segmentation. Data was provided by the “Where is VALDO?” challenge of MICCAI 2021. The final method consists of nnU-Net in the “3D full resolution U-Net” configuration trained on all data (fold = `all'). No post-processing options of nnU-Net were used. Self-evaluation on the training data showed an estimated Dice of 0.80, false discovery rate of 0.16, and false negative rate of 0.15. Final evaluation on the test set of the VALDO challenge is pending. Visual inspection of the results showed that most of the reported false positives could be an actual microbleed that might have been missed during visual rating. Source code is available at: https://github.com/hjkuijf/MixMicrobleedNet . The docker container hjkuijf/mixmicrobleednet can be pulled from https://hub.docker.com/r/hjkuijf/mixmicrobleednet .


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