Multicell Power Control under Rate Constraints with Deep Learning

by   Yinghan Li, et al.

In the paper we study a deep learning based method to solve the multicell power control problem for sum rate maximization subject to per-user rate constraints and per-base station (BS) power constraints. The core difficulty of this problem is how to ensure that the learned power control results by the deep neural network (DNN) satisfy the per-user rate constraints. To tackle the difficulty, we propose to cascade a projection block after a traditional DNN, which projects the infeasible power control results onto the constraint set. The projection block is designed based on a geometrical interpretation of the constraints, which is of low complexity, meeting the real-time requirement of online applications. Explicit-form expression of the backpropagated gradient is derived for the proposed projection block, with which the DNN can be trained to directly maximize the sum rate via unsupervised learning. We also develop a heuristic implementation of the projection block to reduce the size of DNN. Simulation results demonstrate the advantages of the proposed method over existing deep learning and numerical optimization methods, and show the robustness of the proposed method with the model mismatch between training and testing datasets.


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