Multiple Access Design for Symbiotic Radios: Facilitating Massive IoT Connections with Cellular Networks

by   Jun Wang, et al.
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
NetEase, Inc

Symbiotic radio (SR) has emerged as a spectrum- and energy-efficient paradigm to support massive Internet of Things (IoT) connections. Two multiple access schemes are proposed in this paper to facilitate the massive IoT connections using the cellular network based on the SR technique, namely, the simultaneous access (SA) scheme and the selection diversity access (SDA) scheme. In the SA scheme, the base station (BS) transmits information to the receiver while multiple IoT devices transmit their information simultaneously by passively backscattering the BS signal to the receiver, while in the SDA scheme, only the IoT device with the strongest backscatter link transmits information to the receiver. In both of the schemes, the receiver jointly decodes the information from the BS and the IoT devices. To evaluate the above two schemes, in this paper, we have derived the closed-form expressions of the ergodic rates and the outage probabilities for the cellular and IoT transmissions. Finally, numerical results are provided to verify the theoretical analysis and compare the two proposed multiple access schemes. When the number of IoT devices is small, the SDA scheme is more appealing since it can significantly reduce the computational complexity while achieving equivalent performance to the SA scheme. When the number of IoT devices is large, the SA scheme is preferable since it guarantees a significantly better rate performance and a lower outage probability.


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