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Online Real-time Multiple Spatiotemporal Action Localisation and Prediction

by   Gurkirt Singh, et al.
University of Oxford
Oxford Brookes University

We present a deep-learning framework for real-time multiple spatio-temporal (S/T) action localisation, classification and early prediction. Current state-of-the-art approaches work offline and are too slow to be useful in real- world settings. To overcome their limitations we introduce two major developments. Firstly, we adopt real-time SSD (Single Shot MultiBox Detector) convolutional neural networks to regress and classify detection boxes in each video frame potentially containing an action of interest. Secondly, we design an original and efficient online algorithm to incrementally construct and label `action tubes' from the SSD frame level detections. As a result, our system is not only capable of performing S/T detection in real time, but can also perform early action prediction in an online fashion. We achieve new state-of-the-art results in both S/T action localisation and early action prediction on the challenging UCF101-24 and J-HMDB-21 benchmarks, even when compared to the top offline competitors. To the best of our knowledge, ours is the first real-time (up to 40fps) system able to perform online S/T action localisation and early action prediction on the untrimmed videos of UCF101-24.


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