Study of star clusters in the M83 galaxy with a convolutional neural network

by   J. Bialopetravičius, et al.

We present a study of evolutionary and structural parameters of star cluster candidates in the spiral galaxy M83. For this we use a convolutional neural network trained on mock clusters and capable of fast identification and localization of star clusters, as well as inference of their parameters from multi-band images. We use this pipeline to detect 3,380 cluster candidates in Hubble Space Telescope observations. The sample of cluster candidates shows an age gradient across the galaxy's spiral arms, which is in good agreement with predictions of the density wave theory and other studies. As measured from the dust lanes of the spiral arms, the younger population of cluster candidates peaks at the distance of ∼0.4 kpc while the older candidates are more dispersed, but shifted towards ≳0.7 kpc in the leading part of the spiral arms. We find high extinction cluster candidates positioned in the trailing part of the spiral arms, close to the dust lanes. We also find a large number of dense older clusters near the center of the galaxy and a slight increase of the typical cluster size further from the center.


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