Using machine learning to construct velocity fields from OH-PLIF images

by   Shivam Barwey, et al.

This work utilizes data-driven methods to morph a series of time-resolved experimental OH-PLIF images into corresponding three-component planar PIV fields in the closed domain of a premixed swirl combustor. The task is carried out with a fully convolutional network, which is a type of convolutional neural network (CNN) used in many applications in machine learning, alongside an existing experimental dataset which consists of simultaneous OH-PLIF and PIV measurements in both attached and detached flame regimes. Two types of models are compared: 1) a global CNN which is trained using images from the entire domain, and 2) a set of local CNNs, which are trained only on individual sections of the domain. The locally trained models show improvement in creating mappings in the detached regime over the global models. A comparison between model performance in attached and detached regimes shows that the CNNs are much more accurate across the board in creating velocity fields for attached flames. Inclusion of time history in the PLIF input resulted in small noticeable improvement on average, which could imply a greater physical role of instantaneous spatial correlations in the decoding process over temporal dependencies from the perspective of the CNN. Additionally, the performance of local models trained to produce mappings in one section of the domain is tested on other, unexplored sections of the domain. Interestingly, local CNN performance on unseen domain regions revealed the models' ability to utilize symmetry and antisymmetry in the velocity field. Ultimately, this work shows the powerful ability of the CNN to decode the three-dimensional PIV fields from input OH-PLIF images, providing a potential groundwork for a very useful tool for experimental configurations in which accessibility of forms of simultaneous measurements are limited.


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