Using Mobile Data and Deep Models to Assess Auditory Verbal Hallucinations

by   Shayan Mirjafari, et al.

Hallucination is an apparent perception in the absence of real external sensory stimuli. An auditory hallucination is a perception of hearing sounds that are not real. A common form of auditory hallucination is hearing voices in the absence of any speakers which is known as Auditory Verbal Hallucination (AVH). AVH is fragments of the mind's creation that mostly occur in people diagnosed with mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Assessing the valence of hallucinated voices (i.e., how negative or positive voices are) can help measure the severity of a mental illness. We study N=435 individuals, who experience hearing voices, to assess auditory verbal hallucination. Participants report the valence of voices they hear four times a day for a month through ecological momentary assessments with questions that have four answering scales from “not at all” to “extremely”. We collect these self-reports as the valence supervision of AVH events via a mobile application. Using the application, participants also record audio diaries to describe the content of hallucinated voices verbally. In addition, we passively collect mobile sensing data as contextual signals. We then experiment with how predictive these linguistic and contextual cues from the audio diary and mobile sensing data are of an auditory verbal hallucination event. Finally, using transfer learning and data fusion techniques, we train a neural net model that predicts the valance of AVH with a performance of 54% top-1 and 72% top-2 F1 score.


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