Vertex nomination: The canonical sampling and the extended spectral nomination schemes

by   Jordan Yoder, et al.

Suppose that one particular block in a stochastic block model is deemed "interesting," but block labels are only observed for a few of the vertices. Utilizing a graph realized from the model, the vertex nomination task is to order the vertices with unobserved block labels into a "nomination list" with the goal of having an abundance of interesting vertices near the top of the list. In this paper we extend and enhance two basic vertex nomination schemes; the canonical nomination scheme L^C and the spectral partitioning nomination scheme L^P. The canonical nomination scheme L^C is provably optimal, but is computationally intractable, being impractical to implement even on modestly sized graphs. With this in mind, we introduce a scalable, Markov chain Monte Carlo-based nomination scheme, called the canonical sampling nomination scheme L^CS, that converges to the canonical nomination scheme L^C as the amount of sampling goes to infinity. We also introduce a novel spectral partitioning nomination scheme called the extended spectral partitioning nomination scheme L^EP. Real-data and simulation experiments are employed to illustrate the effectiveness of these vertex nomination schemes, as well as their empirical computational complexity.


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