CDDM: Channel Denoising Diffusion Models for Wireless Communications

by   Tong Wu, et al.
Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Diffusion models (DM) can gradually learn to remove noise, which have been widely used in artificial intelligence generated content (AIGC) in recent years. The property of DM for removing noise leads us to wonder whether DM can be applied to wireless communications to help the receiver eliminate the channel noise. To address this, we propose channel denoising diffusion models (CDDM) for wireless communications in this paper. CDDM can be applied as a new physical layer module after the channel equalization to learn the distribution of the channel input signal, and then utilizes this learned knowledge to remove the channel noise. We design corresponding training and sampling algorithms for the forward diffusion process and the reverse sampling process of CDDM. Moreover, we apply CDDM to a semantic communications system based on joint source-channel coding (JSCC). Experimental results demonstrate that CDDM can further reduce the mean square error (MSE) after minimum mean square error (MMSE) equalizer, and the joint CDDM and JSCC system achieves better performance than the JSCC system and the traditional JPEG2000 with low-density parity-check (LDPC) code approach.


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