Correntropy-Based Logistic Regression with Automatic Relevance Determination for Robust Sparse Brain Activity Decoding

by   Yuanhao Li, et al.

Recent studies have utilized sparse classifications to predict categorical variables from high-dimensional brain activity signals to expose human's intentions and mental states, selecting the relevant features automatically in the model training process. However, existing sparse classification models will likely be prone to the performance degradation which is caused by noise inherent in the brain recordings. To address this issue, we aim to propose a new robust and sparse classification algorithm in this study. To this end, we introduce the correntropy learning framework into the automatic relevance determination based sparse classification model, proposing a new correntropy-based robust sparse logistic regression algorithm. To demonstrate the superior brain activity decoding performance of the proposed algorithm, we evaluate it on a synthetic dataset, an electroencephalogram (EEG) dataset, and a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) dataset. The extensive experimental results confirm that not only the proposed method can achieve higher classification accuracy in a noisy and high-dimensional classification task, but also it would select those more informative features for the decoding scenarios. Integrating the correntropy learning approach with the automatic relevance determination technique will significantly improve the robustness with respect to the noise, leading to more adequate robust sparse brain decoding algorithm. It provides a more powerful approach in the real-world brain activity decoding and the brain-computer interfaces.


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