Discrete gradient structures of BDF methods up to fifth-order for the phase field crystal model

by   Hong-lin Liao, et al.
Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics

The well-known backward difference formulas (BDF) of the third, the fourth and the fifth orders are investigated for time integration of the phase field crystal model. By building up novel discrete gradient structures of the BDF- (=3,4,5) formulas, we establish the energy dissipation laws at the discrete levels and then obtain the priori solution estimates for the associated numerical schemes (however, we can not build any discrete energy dissipation law for the corresponding BDF-6 scheme because the BDF-6 formula itself does not have any discrete gradient structures). With the help of the discrete orthogonal convolution kernels and Young-type convolution inequalities, some concise L^2 norm error estimates are established via the discrete energy technique. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time such type L^2 norm error estimates of non-A-stable BDF schemes are obtained for nonlinear parabolic equations. Numerical examples are presented to verify and support the theoretical analysis.


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