High-order linearly implicit structure-preserving exponential integrators for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation

by   Chaolong Jiang, et al.

A novel class of high-order linearly implicit energy-preserving exponential integrators are proposed for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. We firstly done that the original equation is reformulated into a new form with a modified quadratic energy by the scalar auxiliary variable approach. The spatial derivatives of the system are then approximated with the standard Fourier pseudo-spectral method. Subsequently, we apply the extrapolation technique to the nonlinear term of the semi-discretized system and a linearized system is obtained. Based on the Lawson transformation, the linearized system is rewritten as an equivalent one and we further apply the symplectic Runge-Kutta method to the resulting system to gain a fully discrete scheme. We show that the proposed scheme can produce numerical solutions along which the modified energy is precisely conserved, as is the case with the analytical solution and is extremely efficient in the sense that only linear equations with constant coefficients need to be solved at every time step. Numerical results are addressed to demonstrate the remarkable superiority of the proposed schemes in comparison with other high-order structure-preserving method.


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