Overview of Fault Tolerant Techniques in Underwater Sensor Networks

by   Lauri Vihman, et al.

Sensor networks provide services to a broad range of applications ranging from intelligence service surveillance to weather forecasting. Most of the sensor networks are terrestrial, however much of our planet is covered by water and Underwater Sensor Networks (USN) are an emerging research area. One of the unavoidable increasing challenge for modern technology is tolerating faults - accepting that hardware is imperfect and cope with it. Fault tolerance may have more impact underwater than in terrestrial environment as terrestrial environment is more forgiving, reaching the malfunctioning devices for replacement underwater is harder and may be more costly. Current paper is the first to investigate fault tolerance, particularly cross layer fault tolerance, in USN-s.


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