Photoacoustic Microscopy with Sparse Data Enabled by Convolutional Neural Networks for Fast Imaging

by   Jiasheng Zhou, et al.

Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) has been a promising biomedical imaging technology in recent years. However, the point-by-point scanning mechanism results in low-speed imaging, which limits the application of PAM. Reducing sampling density can naturally shorten image acquisition time, which is at the cost of image quality. In this work, we propose a method using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to improve the quality of sparse PAM images, thereby speeding up image acquisition while keeping good image quality. The CNN model utilizes both squeeze-and-excitation blocks and residual blocks to achieve the enhancement, which is a mapping from a 1/4 or 1/16 low-sampling sparse PAM image to a latent fully-sampled image. The perceptual loss function is applied to keep the fidelity of images. The model is mainly trained and validated on PAM images of leaf veins. The experiments show the effectiveness of our proposed method, which significantly outperforms existing methods quantitatively and qualitatively. Our model is also tested using in vivo PAM images of blood vessels of mouse ears and eyes. The results show that the model can enhance the image quality of the sparse PAM image of blood vessels from several aspects, which may help fast PAM and facilitate its clinical applications.


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