Relationship Explainable Multi-objective Reinforcement Learning with Semantic Explainability Generation

by   Huixin Zhan, et al.

Solving multi-objective optimization problems is important in various applications where users are interested in obtaining optimal policies subject to multiple, yet often conflicting objectives. A typical approach to obtain optimal policies is to first construct a loss function that is based on the scalarization of individual objectives, and then find the optimal policy that minimizes the loss. However, optimizing the scalarized (and weighted) loss does not necessarily provide guarantee of high performance on each possibly conflicting objective because it is challenging to assign the right weights without knowing the relationship among these objectives. Moreover, the effectiveness of these gradient descent algorithms is limited by the agent's ability to explain their decisions and actions to human users. The purpose of this study is two-fold. First, we propose a vector value function based multi-objective reinforcement learning (V2f-MORL) approach that seeks to quantify the inter-objective relationship via reinforcement learning (RL) when the impact of one objective on others is unknown a prior. In particular, we construct one actor and multiple critics that can co-learn the policy and inter-objective relationship matrix (IORM), quantifying the impact of objectives on each other, in an iterative way. Second, we provide a semantic representation that can uncover the trade-off of decision policies made by users to reconcile conflicting objectives based on the proposed V2f-MORL approach for the explainability of the generated behaviors subject to given optimization objectives. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach via a MuJoCo based robotics case study.


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