Search-free DOA Estimation Method Based on Tensor Decomposition and Polynomial Rooting for Transmit Beamspace MIMO Radar

by   Feng Xu, et al.

In order to improve the accuracy and resolution for transmit beamspace multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar, a search-free direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation method based on tensor decomposition and polynomial rooting is proposed. In the proposed method, a 3-order tensor is firstly designed to model the received signal of MIMO radar on the basis of the multi-linear property. Then, the factor matrix with target DOA information is obtained by the tensor decomposition via alternating least squares (ALS) algorithm, and subsequently the DOA estimation is converted into the independent minimization problem. By exploiting the Vandermonde structure of the transmit steering vector, a polynomial function is constructed to solve the minimization problem via polynomial rooting. The factor matrix contained in the coefficients of the polynomial can be regarded as a block matrix in the generalized sidelobe canceller (GSC), which accordingly forms a unique deep null in the direction of target in the transmit beampattern. The proposed method can obtain the DOA estimation without the requirements of spectrum searching or transmit beamspace matrix design, which is different from the conventional DOA estimation techniques. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by the simulations.


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