Using Machine Learning to Determine Morphologies of z<1 AGN Host Galaxies in the Hyper Suprime-Cam Wide Survey

by   Chuan Tian, et al.

We present a machine-learning framework to accurately characterize morphologies of Active Galactic Nucleus (AGN) host galaxies within z<1. We first use PSFGAN to decouple host galaxy light from the central point source, then we invoke the Galaxy Morphology Network (GaMorNet) to estimate whether the host galaxy is disk-dominated, bulge-dominated, or indeterminate. Using optical images from five bands of the HSC Wide Survey, we build models independently in three redshift bins: low (0<z<0.25), medium (0.25<z<0.5), and high (0.5<z<1.0). By first training on a large number of simulated galaxies, then fine-tuning using far fewer classified real galaxies, our framework predicts the actual morphology for ∼ 60%-70% host galaxies from test sets, with a classification precision of ∼ 80%-95%, depending on redshift bin. Specifically, our models achieve disk precision of 96%/82%/79% and bulge precision of 90%/90%/80% (for the 3 redshift bins), at thresholds corresponding to indeterminate fractions of 30%/43%/42%. The classification precision of our models has a noticeable dependency on host galaxy radius and magnitude. No strong dependency is observed on contrast ratio. Comparing classifications of real AGNs, our models agree well with traditional 2D fitting with GALFIT. The PSFGAN+GaMorNet framework does not depend on the choice of fitting functions or galaxy-related input parameters, runs orders of magnitude faster than GALFIT, and is easily generalizable via transfer learning, making it an ideal tool for studying AGN host galaxy morphology in forthcoming large imaging survey.


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